Types of Hearing Loss
Hearing losses may be located in the outer, middle or inner ear. Different types of hearing loss are explained here.
Conductive Hearing Loss:
If there is a problem in the outer or middle ear, it causes a conductive hearing loss. This means sound is having difficulty traveling to the inner ear. Some causes of conductive hearing loss are wax in the ear canal, fluid in the middle ear, or a hole in the eardrum. Most types of conductive hearing loss can be treated with medicine or surgery.
Sensorineural Hearing Loss:
If there is a problem in the inner ear, it causes a sensorineural hearing loss. Sensorineural hearing loss in young children can occur with certain infections before birth, from a lack of oxygen during birth, or from genetic causes. Sensorineural hearing loss usually cannot be cured with medicine or surgery, but hearing aids can help in many/most cases.
Mixed Hearing Loss:
Children with sensorineural hearing loss also can have middle ear problems (such as fluid in the middle ear). This can make hearing loss worse. This is known as a mixed hearing loss.