The Louisiana Office of Public Health has supported an active surveillance program since the beginning of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, and the state has had confidential HIV reporting since 1993.

The STD/HIV Surveillance Program is funded through a cooperative agreement with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

The program maintains a statewide active surveillance system to identify persons meeting the CDC case definition for HIV infection and AIDS and conducts other activities to further describe HIV/AIDS and STD trends in Louisiana.