What is Covid-19?

Covid-19, also known as Coronavirus, is a very contagious disease caused by the virus SARS-CoV-2. It was discovered in Wuhan, China in December 2019. It quickly spread around the world, causing most countries to enact lockdown and travel restrictions by March 2020.

Covid-19 is a respiratory disease that spreads person to person through the air from coughing, sneezing, breathing or speaking.

What are the symptoms of Covid-19?

While some people infected with Covid-19 are asymptomatic (show no signs or symptoms), most people have mild symptoms. A wide range of symptoms can occur, but they are generally similar to other respiratory diseases like the flu.

Symptoms may appear two to 14 days after exposure to the virus and can include:

  • Fever or chills
  • Cough
  • Fatigue
  • Body aches or headache
  • Sore throat
  • Congestion or runny nose
  • Nausea, vomiting or diarrhea
  • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
  • New loss of taste or smell

Some people infected with Covid-19 become severely ill and may require hospitalization. Older adults and people who have certain underlying medical conditions are at increased risk for developing severe illness from Covid-19.

How is Covid-19 treated?

Covid-19 is diagnosed through a nasal swab test.

The treatment for Covid-19 depends on the severity of the illness. For most with milder symptoms, resting at home and medication to reduce fever and relieve pain is enough. For those with more severe cases, hospitalization may be required with treatment from medical professionals.

Do I need the UPDATED Covid-19 vaccine?

Covid-19 vaccines are safe and effective. The best way to slow the spread and prevent Covid-19 is through vaccination.

The CDC recommends everyone 6 months of age and older receive the Covid-19 primary series vaccine. Everyone ages 5 years and older is recommended to recieve 1 dose of updated (2023-2024 Formula) mRNA COVID-19 vaccine.

Several Covid-19 vaccines have been authorized for use in the U.S. since 2020. These include vaccines from Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, Johnson & Johnson/Janssen and Novavax.

To learn more about each vaccination series, when updated COVID-19 shouts should be taken and how to get them at no cost visit the resources below:

What should I do if I test positive for Covid-19?

If you have tested positive for Covid-19, you should isolate yourself from other people for at least five full days, even if you do not show symptoms.

Continue to check the CDC’s website for the latest quarantine precautions to take for Covid-19, as different variants of the virus might be more infectious than previous strains.

Learn more about when to quarantine and other precautions to take for Covid-19: